Pinene is the most abundant terpene in nature, and one of the most commonly found in cannabis. It was mostly discovered in conifer and evergreen trees, as well as some varieties of lime, eucalyptus, basil and rosemary. It is no surprise, as its name suggests, that it most often smells of pine.
There are two different types of pinene—alpha-pinene and beta-pinene. While they share the same health benefits, they differ in aroma. Alpha-pinene encompasses the smell of pine and rosemary, whereas beta-pinene carries the scent of dill, parsley, or basil.
Its aroma is also easy on the nose, which is why it is popular in air-fresheners, candles, and cleaning supplies. The benefits of pinene extend beyond its smell, working synergistically with other cannabinoids and terpenes to impact your cannabis experience.
Pinene is most commonly known for its anti-inflammatory traits which can help with MS, Crohns Disease, and arthritis. And while it may sound counterintuitive, consuming cannabis high in pinene may help calm inflammatory responses like asthma by dilating the breathing airways, acting as a bronchodilator. Just think about the sensation of taking a deep breath in the middle of a forest and how your airways open up (hint: it's not just the fresh air).
Pinene may also provide a boost in mood, energy, ease anxiety, and offer pain relief. Similar to the paradox of pinene's ability to act as a bronchodilator, it can also help enhance memory and ability to focus.
Pinene works in synergy with certain cannabinoids to produce health and wellness benefits. For example, when working with THC, Pinene acts as a bronchodilator, but when working with CBD and CBN, pinene has a broad spectrum of antibiotic properties.
When combined with other terpenes, pinene produces a very different group of effects. Combining Pinene, linalool, and limonene increases effectiveness of THC and may also clear acne-prone skin. Pinene, in concert with myrcene and caryophyllene can aid in the treatment of addiction.
Pinene is present in just about every cannabis strain, but certain strains are particularly heavy in this terpene. Some of these strains include Jack Herer, Blue Dream, Dutch Treat, OG Kush, and Strawberry Cough. All of which are sativa varieties often found to provide an increase in energy.